Health Desk with Colette (Causes of Hypertension)

It is important to know that hypertension is one of the leading cause of morality rate in the world at large. Having an understanding of this is a necessity. Below are a few things to note so as to live a health life. Eguavoen Colette  [email protected]

HYPERTENSION
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a condition present when blood flows through the blood vessels with a force greater than normal. High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms. Long term high blood pressure, can strain the heart, damage blood vessels, and increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney problems.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION
the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that one may not know that you have it. Truth is, most people who have high blood pressure are not aware of it. The only way to know your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups. It is important if one have a family history of high blood pressure.

If your blood pressure is high, there are certain symptoms to look out for, they including:

Severe headache
confusion
Blurry Vision
Chest pain
Difficulty breathing
Irregular heartbeat
Palpitations in the chest, neck, or ears
If any of these symptoms are present, see a doctor immediately.
You could be having a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.

CAUSES OF HYPERTENSION
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors may play a role in its development, including:

Smoking
overweight or obese
Lack of physical activity
Too much salt in the diet
Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
Stress
Old age
Genetics.
Other factors includes;
Family history of high blood pressure
Chronic kidney disease
Adrenal and thyroid disorders
Sleep apnea,
And can also be pregnancy induced.

TREATMENT
Change in lifestyle can go a long way toward controlling high blood pressure. You may be recommend to eat healthy diets with less salt, regularly exercise, stop smoking and maintain a healthy weight. Though lifestyle changes aren’t sometimes enough.

In addition to diet and exercise, your doctor may recommend medication to lower the pressure.

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